Dental Acid Erosion: Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention

Dental Acid Erosion: Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention

Maintaining good dental health is essential for our overall well-being. But have you ever heard about dental acid erosion? Dental acid erosion, also known as enamel erosion or tooth erosion, is a condition in which the outer layer of our teeth, known as enamel, gets worn away due to exposure to acidic substances. This article will discuss the causes, symptoms, and prevention tips for dental acid erosion.

Common Causes of Dental Acid Erosion & How to Prevent It

Dental erosion usually is caused by acidic drinks such as citrus fruits, soda, sports drinks, or medicines, excessive vomiting or acid reflux. Enamel erosion is a common initial oral finding in people with Anorexia or Bulimia.

When these acidic substances come in contact with our teeth, they weaken the enamel, making it more susceptible to erosion. To prevent dental acid erosion, it is essential to limit the intake of acidic foods and drinks and rinse your mouth with water after consuming them.

Another cause of dental acid erosion is the acids produced by bacteria in our mouth. These acids are formed when we consume sugary or starchy foods, which then react with the bacteria in our mouths. To prevent this, it is essential to maintain good oral hygiene practices such as brushing and flossing regularly and using mouthwash.

Signs & Symptoms of Dental Acid Erosion

The signs and symptoms of dental acid erosion include tooth sensitivity, discoloration, rounded teeth, transparent edges, and cracks. You may also experience pain while eating or drinking something cold or hot. If you notice any of these symptoms, it is crucial to seek dental care immediately to prevent further damage.

How to Reduce the Risk of Tooth Enamel Loss Because of Acid Erosion

Several natural ways prevent enamel loss and maintain good dental health. These include:

  • Eating a balanced diet rich in calcium, phosphorus, and vitamin D, is essential for healthy teeth.
  • Avoid sugary and starchy foods that can cause acid production in the mouth.
  • Drinking plenty of water to keep the mouth hydrated and wash away any acid residue.
  • Using fluoride toothpaste and mouthwash to strengthen the enamel.
  • Chewing sugar-free gum stimulates saliva production, which helps neutralize the acid in the mouth.
  • Healthy lifestyle
  • Appropriate medical care for the management of acid reflux

Diet Tips to Protect Teeth From Acidic Foods and Drinks

While limiting the intake of acidic foods and drinks is essential, some foods can help protect your teeth from acid erosion. These include:

  • Dairy products such as milk, cheese, and yogurt are rich in calcium and can help strengthen the enamel.
  • Fibrous fruits and vegetables, such as apples and carrots, help stimulate saliva production and neutralize the acid in the mouth.
  • Green and black tea, which contain compounds that can help reduce the risk of dental erosion.

Treatment Options for Restoring Teeth Damaged by Acid Erosion.

If you have already suffered from dental acid erosion, several treatment options are available to restore your teeth. These include:

  • Dental bonding: A tooth-coloured resin is applied to the affected tooth to restore its shape and function.
  • Dental crowns: A cap is placed over the affected tooth to restore its shape and protect it from further damage.
  • Dental veneers: A thin layer of porcelain is bonded to the tooth's surface to improve its appearance and protect it from further damage.


Dental acid erosion can cause severe damage to your teeth if left untreated. Following the prevention tips mentioned in this blog can reduce the risk of enamel loss and maintain good dental health. If you are experiencing any symptoms of dental acid erosion, it is crucial to seek dental care immediately.Call Vancouver Dental Specialty Clinic at 604-336-0958 to book your consultation appointment and learn more about how to protect your teeth from dental acid erosion. Proper care and treatment can restore your teeth's health and help you enjoy a beautiful, healthy smile for years.


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